The Aristocratic English Sandfords

Our Sanford family tradition identifies William de Saundeford as our ancestor and as a lieutenant under (or more simply as "a companion of") William the Conqueror. Some family genealogists also identify him with Gerard de Tournai (or Tournay). Here are the facts insofar as I can discover them: 

     Gerard de Tournai was a lieutenant under William the Conqueror, and he was granted a number of holdings, including the Sandford estate outside Shrewsbury, in Shropshire (called Salop then). But he was not the ancestor of the Sandford -- much less the Sanford -- line. Like many of the "lieutenants" in Duke William's army, he was rewarded after the victory with a number of estates -- formerly the property of English aristocratic families -- scattered across England.  (William did not want any of his subordinates to be able to pull together enough concentrated power to challenge him.) Gerard in turn granted the Sanford estate to one Thomas, who may have been a disenfranchised Anglo-Saxon aristocrat now – after the Conquest -- being rehabilitated. Thomas, following the custom of the time, took the place name as his family name, and became Thomas de (of) Sandford.  

First Generation
1. Thomas de Sandford was born about 1040. Thus, he would have been in his 20s at the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066, so it is likely that he was a part of the English army that William the Conqueror defeated. There seems to be no solid information on Thomas prior to his becoming the lord of the Sandford manor. Probably, like most soldiers, he fought because he was required to do so, and after the war he was most concerned to find a place in this changed world. 
Thomas de Sandford had the following child:
      +2i.Thomas de Sandford, born abt 1070, "of Sandford & Rothal, Shropshire, England".

Second Generation
2. Thomas de Sandford (Thomas-1) was born about 1070 in "of Sandford & Rothal, Shropshire, England". Apparently the family -- or at least son Thomas -- had acquired an additional estate, Rothal, perhaps through Thomas marrying into the family which possessed it. 
Thomas de Sandford was married.
Thomas de Sandford had the following child:
     +3i.Radulfus de Sandford Dominus de Sontford et Rothale, born abt 1100.

Third Generation
3. Radulfus de Sandford Dominus de Sontford et Rothale (Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1100. Radulfus "Ralph" deSandford, Dominus de Sontford et Rothale (temp King Stephen). (Source: Frankie Loring: franki@@techline.com)
Radulfus de Sandford Dominus de Sontford et Rothale was married.
Radulfus de Sandford had the following child:
     +4i.Richard de Sandford, born abt 1140, Sandford, Salop, Eng.

Fourth Generation
4. Richard de Sandford (Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1140 in Sandford, Salop, Eng. Richard deSandford's name appears on the Pipe Rolls 1169. He lived in the time of King John, and having zealously embarked in the cause of the Barons (who forced King John to sign the Magna Carta), his estates were confiscated in the eighteenth year of the King's reign, but restored when his party attained the ascendant. (Source: Frankie Loring: franki@@techline.com)
Richard de Sandford was married.
Richard de Sandford had the following child:
     +5i.Thomas de Sandford, born abt 1166, Sandford, Salop, Eng; married Amabil de Cardiff.

Fifth Generation
5. Thomas de Sandford (Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1166 in Sandford, Salop, Eng.
Thomas de Sandford and Amabil de Cardiff were married. Amabil de Cardiff, daughter of Richard de Cardiff, was born about 1170.
Thomas de Sandford and Amabil de Cardiff had the following child:
+6i.Ralph de Sandford, born abt 1200, Sandford, Shropshire, England.

Sixth Generation
6. Ralph de Sandford (Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1200 in Sandford, Shropshire, England. 
Ralph de Sandford was married.
Ralph de Sandford had the following child:
     +7i.Richard de Sandford, born abt 1220, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Eleanor Cadigan.

Seventh Generation
7. Richard de Sandford (Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1220 in Sandford, Shropshire, England.
Richard de Sandford and Eleanor Cadigan were married. Eleanor Cadigan, daughter of Elkin Cadigan, was born about 1216.
Richard de Sandford and Eleanor Cadigan had the following child:
     +8i.Ralph de Sandford, born abt 1240; married Alice de Whixhall; died abt 1328.

Eighth Generation
8. Ralph de Sandford (Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1240. He died about 1328 at the age of 88.
Ralph de Sandford and Alice de Whixhall were married. Alice de Whixhall, daughter of Wolfric de Whixhall, was born about 1242.
Ralph de Sandford and Alice de Whixhall had the following children:
     +9i.Richard de Sandford, born 1270, Sandford, Salop, Eng; married Agnes de Saye; died 1327.
     10ii.William de Sandford was born about 1272.
      11iii.Nicholas de Sandford was born about 1274.

Ninth Generation
9. Richard de Sandford (Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born in 1270 in Sandford, Salop, Eng. He died in 1327 at the age of 57.
Richard de Sandford and Agnes de Saye were married. Agnes de Saye, daughter of Hugh de Saye, was born about 1270 in Morton Say, Shropshire, England. Alice and her father Hugh acquired their family name from the community in which they lived, Say(e).
Richard de Sandford and Agnes de Saye had the following child:
     +12i.Richard de Sandford, born abt 1300, Sandford, Salop, Eng; died abt 1347, Calais, France.

Tenth Generation
12. Richard de Sandford (Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1300 in Sandford, Salop, Eng. He died about 1347 at the age of 47 in Calais, France.
Richard de Sandford had the following children:
      +13i.Nicholas de Sandford, born abt 1340, Sandford, Salop, Eng; married Alice Botilier.
        14ii.Richard de Sandford was born about 1342.

Eleventh Generation
13. Nicholas de Sandford (Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1340 in Sandford, Salop, Eng. Additional information on the descendants Nicholas de Sanford is located on Brøderbund World Family Tree, Volume 8, Pedigree #3331. (Source: Diana Fitzsimons, Rockville, MD). This provided a vital link to Nicholas deSandford and his spouse, Alice Botilier. Alice is a descendant of Henry II, King of England, and links the Sanford family with the royal families of the United Kingdom and other royal families on the continent.
  Dennis BeMent (November, 1997) 
Nicholas de Sandford and Alice Botilier1 were married. Alice Botilier, daughter of William Botilier and Elizabeth de Holand, was born in 1340 in Wemme.
Nicholas de Sandford and Alice Botilier had the following children:
     +15i.Richard de Sandford, born abt 1370, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Maude Banastre; died abt 1451.
       16ii.Griffin de Sandford was born about 1372 in Sandford, Salop, England.
       17iii.Nicholas de Sandford was born about 1374.

Twelfth Generation
15. Richard de Sandford (Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1370 in Sandford, Shropshire, England. He died about 1451 at the age of 81. Richard de Sandford was Knighted July 21 1403 Battle of Shrewsbury; King's Escheator for Salop for Henry V (1418)
Richard de Sandford and Maude Banastre were married. Maude Banastre was born about 1370 in Hadnal, Shropshire, Eng.
Richard de Sandford and Maude Banastre had the following child:
     +18i.John Sandford, born abt 1400, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Julean (Johanna or Anna) Corbet.

Thirteenth Generation
18. John Sandford (Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1400 in Sandford, Shropshire, England.
John Sandford and Julean (Johanna or Anna) Corbet were married. Julean (Johanna or Anna) Corbet was born about 1420 in Moreton Corbet, Shropshire, Eng.
John Sandford and Julean (Johanna or Anna) Corbet had the following child:
     +19i.Richard Sandford, born abt 1452, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Jane Peshall, abt 1468; died abt 1520.

Fourteenth Generation
19. Richard Sandford (John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1452 in Sandford, Shropshire, England. He died about 1520 at the age of 68.
Richard Sandford and Jane Peshall were married about 1468. Jane Peshall was born about 1450 in Cloverly, Shropshire, Eng.
Richard Sandford and Jane Peshall had the following children:
     +20i.Hugh Sandford, born abt 1470, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Jane Dod; died 1530.
     +21ii.Margaret Sandford, born abt 1472, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Richard Baughton.
     +22iii.Elizabeth Sandford, born abt 1474; married George Bromley.

Fifteenth Generation
20. Hugh Sandford (Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1470 in Sandford, Shropshire, England. He died in 1530 at the age of 60.
Hugh Sandford and Jane Dod were married. Jane Dod was born about 1470 in Cloverly, Shropshire, Eng.
Hugh Sandford and Jane Dod had the following children:
     +23i.Richard Sandford, born abt 1490, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Maud Mainwaring, abt 1520; died aft 1533, Stanstead, Mountfitchet, Essex, England.
     +24ii.Robert Sandford, born abt 1492, Sandford, Shropshire, England; married Isabel Egerton.
       25iii.Jane Sandford was born about 1494 in Sandford, Shropshire, England.
       26iv.Alice Sandford was born about 1496.

21. Margaret Sandford (Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1472 in Sandford, Shropshire, England.
Margaret Sandford and Richard Baughton were married. Richard Baughton was born about 1472.

22. Elizabeth Sandford (Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1474.
Elizabeth Sandford and George Bromley were married. George Bromley was born about 1474.

Sixteenth Generation
23. Richard Sandford (Hugh-15, Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1490 in Sandford, Shropshire, England. He died after 1533 at the age of 43 in Stanstead, Mountfitchet, Essex, England.  This is the sentence -- and the link -- that amateur genealogists in the American Sanford lines have created and promulgated and clung to. But the Shropshire Family History Society -- a very active genealogical society in Shrewsbury -- is emphatic that this part of our family tree is erroneous. Richard, they say, never moved from Shropshire to Essex, but died childless in Shropshire. So the Essex Richard -- if there was one -- was not the Richard Sandford of Shropshire. Sorry about that. Our earliest known ancestor, Richard, supposedly the son of this Richard, was not, but arose from unknown -- and probably fairly humble -- origins in Essex.

Richard Sandford and Maud Mainwaring were married about 1520. Maud Mainwaring was born about 1490.


24. Robert Sandford (Hugh-15, Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1492 in Sandford, Shropshire, England.

Robert Sandford and Isabel Egerton were married. Isabel Egerton was born after 1492.

Robert Sandford and Isabel Egerton had the following child:
     +29i.Arthur Sandford, born abt 1552; married Anne Kynaston; died abt 1645.


Seventeenth Generation

29. Arthur Sandford (Robert-16, Hugh-15, Richard-14, John-13, Richard-12, Nicholas-11, Richard-10, Richard-9, Ralph-8, Richard-7, Ralph-6, Thomas-5, Richard-4, Radulfus-3, Thomas-2, Thomas-1) was born about 1552. He died about 1645 at the age of 93.

Arthur Sandford and Anne Kynaston were married. Anne Kynaston was born about 1555.

Arthur Sandford and Anne Kynaston had the following child:
     +32i.Francis Sandford, born abt 1587; married Elizabeth Chambre.

The Sandford line in Shropshire died out in the late 1800s.



1. FamilyTreeMaker.genealogy.com, User Home Pages, Descendants of William I, the Conqueror, King of England and The Sanford Family.